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Workflow Definition

Overview

Work Definition screen shows list of existing workflows and utility to create or import workflows.

workflow-dag

Create workflow definition

Click Project Management -> Workflow -> Workflow Definition, enter the Workflow Definition page, and click the Create Workflow button to enter the workflow DAG edit page, as shown in the following figure:

workflow-dag

Create Tasks to Workflow

Drag from the toolbar to the canvas, to add a shell task to the canvas, as shown in the figure below:

demo-shell-simple

Add parameter settings for shell task:

  1. Fill in the Node Name, Description and Script fields.
  2. Check Normal for Run Flag. If Prohibit Execution is checked, the task will not execute when the workflow runs.
  3. Select Task Priority: when the number of worker threads is insufficient, high priority tasks will execute first in the execution queue, and tasks with the same priority will execute in the order of first in, first out.
  4. Timeout alarm (optional): check the timeout alarm, timeout failure, and fill in the "timeout period". When the task execution time exceeds timeout period, an alert email will send and the task timeout fails.
  5. Resources (optional). Resources are files created or uploaded in the Resource Center -> File Management page. For example, the file name is test.sh, and the command to use the resource in the script is sh test.sh. Please note that you need to use the full path to the resource files.
  6. Customize parameters (optional).
  7. Click the Confirm Add button to save the task settings.

Set dependencies between tasks

Click the plus sign on the right of the task node to connect the task; as shown in the figure below, task Node_B and task Node_C execute in parallel, When task Node_A finished execution, tasks Node_B and Node_C will execute simultaneously.

workflow-dependent

Dependencies with stream task

If the DAG contains stream tasks, the relationship between stream tasks is displayed as a dotted line, and the execution of stream tasks will be skipped when the workflow instance is executed.

workflow-dependent

Delete dependencies: Using your mouse to select the connection line, and click the "Delete" icon in the upper right corner , delete dependencies between tasks.

workflow-delete

Save workflow definition

Click the Save button, and the "Set DAG chart name" window pops up, as shown in the figure below. Enter the workflow definition name, workflow definition description, and set global parameters (optional, refer to global parameters), click the Add button to finish workflow definition creation.

workflow-save

Configure workflow (process) execution type

Click the Save button and configure process execution type in the pop-up window. There are four process execution types:

  • Parallel: If there are multiple instances of the same workflow definition, execute the instances in parallel.
  • Serial Wait: If there are multiple instances of the same workflow definition, execute the instances in serial.
  • Serial Discard: If there are multiple instances of the same workflow definition, discard the later ones and kill the current running ones.
  • Serial Priority: If there are multiple instances of the same workflow definition, execute the instances according to the priority in serial.

workflow-execution-type

Workflow Definition Operation Function

Click Project Management -> Workflow -> Workflow Definition to enter the workflow definition page, as shown below:

workflow-list

Workflow running parameter description:

  • Failure strategy: When a task node fails to execute, other parallel task nodes need to execute the strategy. "Continue" means: After a task fails, other task nodes execute normally; "End" means: Terminate all tasks being executed, and terminate the entire process.

  • Notification strategy: When the process ends, send process execution information notification emails according to the process status, including no status, success, failure, success or failure.

  • Process priority: The priority of process execution, there are five different priorities: the highest (HIGHEST), high (HIGH), medium (MEDIUM), low (LOW), the lowest (LOWEST). When the number of master threads is insufficient, processes with higher priorities in the execution queue will run first. Processes with the same priority will run in first-come-first-served fashion.

  • Worker grouping: This process can only be executed in the specified worker machine group. The default is Default, which can be executed on any worker.

  • Notification Group: Select Notification Policy||Timeout Alarm||When fault tolerance occurs, process information or emails will be sent to all members in the notification group.

  • Startup parameters: Set or override the value of global parameters when starting a new process instance.

  • Complement(Backfill): Run workflow for a specified historical period. There are two strategies: serial complement and parallel complement.

    You could select the time period or fill in it manually in UI. The date range is left closed and right closed time interval (startDate <= N <= endDate)

    • Serial complement: Run the workflow from start date to end date according to the time period you set in serial.

    workflow-serial

    • Parallel complement: Run the workflow from start date to end date according to the time period you set in parallel.

    workflow-parallel

    • Parallelism: The max number of workflow instances of the workflow definition you choose for complement. workflow-concurrency-from

    workflow-concurrency

    • Mode of dependent: Whether to trigger downstream workflow definition for complement.

    workflow-dependency

    • Schedule date๏ผš

      1. Select from pop-up window:

      workflow-pageSelection

      1. Fill in the time period manually:

      workflow-input

    • Complement with or without scheduling๏ผš

      1. Unconfigured timing or Configured timing and timing status offline: Complement the number according to the selected time range combined with the timing default configuration (0:00 every day). e.g. the workflow scheduling date is from July 7th to July 10th:

      workflow-unconfiguredTimingResult

      1. Configured timing and timing status online: Complement the number according to the selected time range combined with the timing configuration. e.g. the workflow scheduling date is from July 7th to July 10th, and the timing is configured (running at 5 am every day):

      workflow-configuredTiming

      workflow-configuredTimingResult

The following are the operation functions of the workflow definition list:

  • Edit: Only "Offline" workflow definitions can be edited. Workflow DAG editing is the same as Create Workflow Definition
  • Online: When the workflow status is "Offline", used to make workflow online. Only the workflow in the "Online" state can run, but cannot edit.
  • Offline: When the workflow status is "Online", used to make workflow offline. Only the workflow in the "Offline" state can be edited, but cannot run.
  • Run: Only workflow in the online state can run. See Run Workflow for the operation steps.
  • Timing: Timing can only set to online workflows, and the system automatically schedules to run the workflow on time. The status after creating a timing setting is "offline", and the timing must set online on the timing management page to make effect. See Workflow Timing for timing operation steps.
  • Timing Management: The timing management page can edit, online or offline and delete timing.
  • Delete: Delete the workflow definition. In the same project, only the workflow definition created by yourself can be deleted, and the workflow definition of other users cannot be deleted. If you need to delete it, please contact the user who created it or the administrator.
  • Download: Download workflow definition to local.
  • Tree Diagram: Display the task node type and task status in a tree structure, as shown in the figure below:

workflow-tree

Run the Workflow

  • Click Project Management -> Workflow -> Workflow Definition to enter the workflow definition page, as shown in the figure below, click the "Go Online" button to make workflow online.

workflow-online

  • Click the Run button to pop up the startup parameter setting window, as shown in the figure below, set the startup parameters, click the Run button in the pop-up box, the workflow starts running, and the workflow instance page generates a workflow instance.

workflow-run

Description of workflow operating parameters:

  • Failure strategy: When a task node fails to execute, other parallel task nodes need to execute this strategy. "Continue" means: after a certain task fails, other task nodes execute normally; "End" means: terminate all tasks execution, and terminate the entire process.
  • Notification strategy: When the process is over, send the process execution result notification email according to the process status, options including no send, send if sucess, send of failure, send whatever result.
  • Process priority: The priority of process operation, divide into five levels: highest (HIGHEST), high (HIGH), medium (MEDIUM), low (LOW), and lowest (LOWEST). When the number of master threads is insufficient, high priority processes will execute first in the execution queue, and processes with the same priority will execute in the order of first in, first out.
  • Worker group: The process can only be executed in the specified worker machine group. The default is Default, which can execute on any worker.
  • Notification group: select notification strategy||timeout alarm||when fault tolerance occurs, process result information or email will send to all members in the notification group.
  • Recipient: select notification policy||timeout alarm||when fault tolerance occurs, process result information or alarm email will be sent to the recipient list.
  • Cc: select notification policy||timeout alarm||when fault tolerance occurs, the process result information or warning email will be copied to the CC list.
  • Startup parameter: Set or overwrite global parameter values when starting a new process instance.
  • Complement: refers to running the workflow definition within the specified date range and generating the corresponding workflow instance according to the complement policy. The complement policy includes two modes: serial complement and parallel complement. The date can be selected on the page or entered manually.
    • Serial complement: within the specified time range, complement is executed from the start date to the end date, and multiple process instances are generated in turn; Click Run workflow and select the serial complement mode: for example, from July 9 to July 10, execute in sequence, and generate two process instances in sequence on the process instance page.

      workflow-serial

    • Parallel Replenishment: within the specified time range, replenishment is performed simultaneously for multiple days, and multiple process instances are generated at the same time. Enter date manually: manually enter a date in the comma separated date format of 'yyyy MM DD hh:mm:ss'.Click Run workflow and select the parallel complement mode: for example, execute the workflow definition from July 9 to July 10 at the same time, and generate two process instances on the process instance page at the same time.

      workflow-parallel

    • Concurrency: refers to the maximum number of instances executed in parallel in the parallel complement mode.For example, if tasks from July 6 to July 10 are executed at the same time, and the concurrency is 2, then the process instance is:

      workflow-concurrency-from

      workflow-concurrency

    • Dependency mode: whether to trigger the replenishment of workflow instances that downstream dependent nodes depend on the current workflow (the timing status of workflow instances that require the current replenishment is online, which will only trigger the replenishment of downstream directly dependent on the current workflow).

      workflow-dependency

    • Date selection:

      1. Select the date through the page:

      workflow-pageSelection

      1. Manual input:

      workflow-input

    • Relationship between complement and timing configuration:

      1. Unconfigured timing: When there is no timing configuration, the daily replenishment will be performed by default according to the selected time range. For example, the workflow scheduling date is July 7 to July 10. If timing is not configured, the process instance is:

      workflow-unconfiguredTimingResult

      1. Configured timing: If there is a timing configuration, it will be supplemented according to the selected time range in combination with the timing configuration. For example, the workflow scheduling date is July 7 to July 10, and the timing is configured (running every 5 a.m.). The process example is:

      workflow-configuredTiming

      workflow-configuredTimingResult

Run the task alone

  • Right-click the task and click the Start button (only online tasks can be clicked to run).

workflow-task-run

  • The startup parameter setting dialog box is displayed, and the parameter description is the same as run the workflow.

workflow-task-run-config

Workflow Schedule

  • Create schedule: Click Project Management -> Workflow-> Workflow Definition, enter the workflow definition page, make the workflow online, click the "timing" button , the timing parameter setting dialog box pops up, as shown in the figure below:

    workflow-time01

  • Select a start and end time. Within the start and end time range, the workflow is run regularly; outside the start and end time range, no timed workflow instance will be generated.

  • Add a timing that execute 5 minutes once, as shown in the following figure:

    workflow-time02

  • Failure strategy, notification strategy, process priority, worker group, notification group, recipient, and CC are the same as workflow running parameters.

  • Click the "Create" button to create the timing. Now the timing status is "Offline" and the timing needs to be Online to make effect.

  • Schedule online: Click the Timing Management button , enter the timing management page, click the online button, the timing status will change to online, as shown in the below figure, the workflow makes effect regularly.

    workflow-time03

Import Workflow

Click Project Management -> Workflow -> Workflow Definition to enter the workflow definition page, click the Import Workflow button to import the local workflow file, the workflow definition list displays the imported workflow and the status is offline.